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HomeGlossary
Payment processing

Payment processing

What is Payment processing ?

Payment Processing: The handling of transactions from various payment methods, including credit cards and digital wallets, allowing businesses to accept payments from customers.

Payment processing refers to the series of steps involved in completing a financial transaction between a buyer and a seller. It encompasses the authorization, authentication, and settlement of payments, ensuring that funds are securely transferred from the customer's account to the merchant's account. Payment processing involves multiple parties, including payment gateways, banks, credit card networks, and financial institutions, working together to facilitate seamless and secure transactions.

Key Steps in Payment Processing:

  1. Authorization: During the authorization phase, the payment gateway verifies the customer's payment information and checks for available funds or credit limits to authorize the transaction.
  2. Authentication: Additional security checks may be performed to authenticate the identity of the cardholder and prevent fraudulent activities, such as using stolen or compromised payment credentials.
  3. Capture: Once the transaction is authorized, the payment gateway captures the funds from the customer's account and initiates the process of transferring them to the merchant's account.
  4. Settlement: The settlement phase involves transferring the funds from the customer's bank to the merchant's bank, completing the payment transaction. Settlements may occur in real-time or batched at predefined intervals, depending on the payment gateway and banking processes involved.
  5. Reporting and Reconciliation: Payment processing systems generate detailed reports and statements that reconcile transactions, track payment volumes, and provide insights into revenue streams, helping businesses manage their finances effectively and comply with accounting and regulatory requirements.

In summary, payment processing is a critical aspect of e-commerce and online business operations, enabling secure, efficient, and reliable transactions between buyers and sellers while providing transparency and accountability through robust reporting and reconciliation mechanisms.

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