Price skimming

Price skimming

What is Price skimming?

Price skimming is a pricing strategy where a product is initially introduced at a high price, targeting early adopters or customers willing to pay a premium. The price is later gradually lowered to attract a broader market and maximize overall revenue.

Price skimming is a pricing strategy where a business initially sets a high price for a new product or service and gradually lowers it over time to attract different segments of the market. This strategy is often used to maximize profits from early adopters willing to pay a premium for new products before gradually expanding the customer base to more price-sensitive segments.

What is Price Skimming?

Price skimming involves setting a high initial price for a new product or service during the introductory phase of its lifecycle. This allows businesses to capture maximum revenue from early adopters and customers with high willingness to pay. Over time, as competition increases or market demand evolves, the business gradually lowers the price to appeal to more price-sensitive consumers and capture additional market share.

How Price Skimming Works:

  1. Launch Phase: The business introduces the new product or service at a premium price, targeting early adopters, enthusiasts, or customers with a high willingness to pay. This initial high price helps maximize revenue and recoup investment costs.
  2. Lowering Prices: As demand from the initial market segment begins to decline or competition intensifies, the business gradually reduces the price to attract more price-sensitive consumers and expand the customer base. This may involve periodic price reductions or promotional discounts.
  3. Market Segmentation: Price skimming allows businesses to segment the market based on willingness to pay, catering to different customer segments with varying price sensitivities over time.

Benefits of Price Skimming:

  • Maximize Profits: Price skimming allows businesses to capture maximum revenue and profit from early adopters and customers willing to pay a premium for new products.
  • Create Perceived Value: A high initial price can create the perception of exclusivity, quality, or innovation, enhancing the product's perceived value in the eyes of consumers.
  • Competitive Advantage: Price skimming can provide a competitive advantage by establishing the product as a market leader or premium offering before competitors enter the market.

Limitations of Price Skimming:

  • Limited Market Reach: High initial prices may deter price-sensitive consumers, limiting the initial market size and adoption rate of the product.
  • Potential Backlash: Customers may perceive price reductions as unfair or deceptive if they purchase the product at a higher price initially, leading to negative brand perceptions.
  • Competition and Imitation: Competitors may enter the market with lower-priced alternatives, eroding the business's pricing power and market share over time.


Price skimming is a pricing strategy that allows businesses to maximize revenue and profit from new products or services by setting high initial prices and gradually lowering them over time. While effective in capturing early adopters and establishing market leadership, businesses must carefully consider market dynamics, competitive pressures, and consumer perceptions when implementing price skimming strategies.

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